A brief history of hybrid electric vehicles
Hybrid electric vehicles are cars that use a combination of conventional powertrains and rechargeable energy storage systems (RESS). The purpose of combining these two different power sources is to achieve better fuel economy in hybrid electric vehicles compared to conventional cars and trucks. The batteries are then only used for support and limited propulsion needs, without requiring any recharging due to the energy storage and renewal system.
Today, hybrid electric vehicles are produced in mass-use lines, especially as more and more manufacturers have joined the green line. The reasons many automakers jump on the green train are varied. Some producers are genuinely interested in preserving natural resources, while others show an interest in caring for the environment as a means of attracting more customers. There are three main ways that today’s hybrid electric vehicles can reduce gas consumption. First, they reduce the amount of energy wasted during idle or low input (by turning off the ICE); second, they collect residual energy (regenerative braking), and third, they reduce the size and power of the ICE and the inefficiencies generated by underutilization.
Modern mass-produced hybrid electric vehicles can extend their battery charges simply by harvesting kinetic energy through regenerative braking. Some hybrid electric vehicle designs rely on the use of an electric generator that turns the engine and allows the battery to be recharged. Much of the ability of existing hybrid electric vehicles is to reduce idle emissions by shutting down the internal combustion engine in an idle state and restarting it when necessary (this is a start-stop system). Despite the weight of hybrid electric vehicles, we must mention that their engines are actually smaller than those of normal gasoline-powered cars. These motors can run at various speeds, which increases efficiency.
Hybrid electric vehicle manufacturing began in the late 1990s, with the first coming from Honda (Honda Insight) and Toyota (Toyota Prius). Even since the inception of hybrid electric vehicles, they have become widely available to buyers. The future of hybrid electric vehicles is definitely positive, and this is the forecast of some automakers who see hybrid electric vehicles as a core segment of the automotive market of the future.